This manuscript began as a two-page chapter and has been cultivated into a book by friends, family, and colleagues over the better part of a decade. First, I am indebted beyond measure to my sister for sparking my interests in histories and theories of science—make it so. Many of the core ideas in this book were developed at the New School for Social Research, where I had the extraordinary fortune to have Nancy Fraser’s advisement. I am also thankful for the wealth of challenging and memorable conversations at New School with Melissa Amezcua Yepiz, Nathan J. Angelo, Banu Bargu, Jane Carey, Navid Hassanevedah, Fanon Howell, Andreas Kalyvas, Daniel Kato, Carlos Wolfgang Lozano, Darya Marchenkova, Atlee McFellin, Timothy Pachirat, David Plotke, Hannah Rappleye, Emilio Travieso, and Margarita Velasco. I am also appreciative to the Departments of Political Science and Sociology at Brooklyn College CUNY for their selfless support during my graduate studies. I am especially grateful for Paisley Currah, Zeynep Gülrü Göker, Lynn Horridge, Lawrence Johnson, Namita Manohar, Gregory Smithsimon, Celina Su, and, last but not least, Alex S. Vitale.
I am grateful to many people across the University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign. First and foremost, I thank the Department of Geography and Geographic Information Science for its uncanny support, which was essential in the execution of this book: Tom Basset, Trevor Birkenholtz, Julie Cidell, Matt Cohn, Susan Etter, Ezekiel Kalipeni, Mei-Po Kwan, Sara McLafferty, Yoo Min Park, Bruce Rhoads, Jesse Ribot, Murugesu Sivapalan, Shaowen Wang, and, with a huge thank-you, David Wilson. The book also benefited immeasurably from the friendships and minds of Tariq Omar Ali, Irvin J. Hunt, Kai James, Ghassan Moussawi, Mauro Nobili, Chelsey Norman, James Pascaleff, and Charles Roseman. I am also grateful for the stimulating discussions across campus with Shay Akil, Asif Ali, Teresa Barnes, Angelica Camacho, M. Alex Evans, Shawn Fields, Kadeem Fuller, Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi, Maria Gillombardo, Rebecca Ginsburg, Jessica Greenberg, Andrew Greenlee, Jaime Jones, Maryam Kashani, James Kilgore, Jeffery T. Martin, Faranak Miriftab, Cynthia Oliver, Karen Olowu, A. Naomi Paik, Junaid Rana, Gilberto Rosas, Ken Salo, Carol Spindel, and Angel L. Veles. The book also owes part of its existence to the Unit for Criticism and Interpretative Theory. I am especially thankful for my manuscript workshop at the Unit in spring 2019, where I gained invaluable insights and candor from Lisa Marie Cacho, Jonathan X. Inda, Karrie Karahalios, Susan Koshy, and a visiting Virginia Eubanks.
This book would not have been possible without several sources of support. I thank the Campus Research Board at the University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign for its generous support through the Funding Initiative for Multiracial Democracy; the Unit for Criticism and Interpretative Theory for the Junior Scholar Fellowship; the Relational Poverty Network; the O’Connell Scholarship at the University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign; and the Carceral Studies Workshop with Daniel Gonzalez, Anna Kotova, Ruby Mendenhall, Dominique Moran, and Simon Pemberton (and Daniel, Jonathan, and Naomi) in summer 2018. I am also grateful for the generous feedback of Sarah Elwood, Steve K. Herbert, and Jodi Melamed on different parts of this manuscript. Numerous people across the academic and publishing worlds helped me complete this book in some way, shape, or form: Arvis Averette, Anne Bonds, David Chandler, Charmaine Chua, Deborah Cowen, Kate Driscoll Derickson, Roberta Engleman, Harriet Evans, Walter Jacobs, Peggy James, Pieter Martin, Holly Monteith, Chantal Mouffe, Natalie Oswin, and Rashad Shabbaz. Moreover, this book would not have been possible without the help of several organizations that aided me in research, including the ACLU, the Bronx Defenders, the Center for Constitutional Rights, Communities united for Police Reform, the Malcolm X Grassroots Initiative, Make the Road, the NYCLU, Picture the Homeless, and Streetwise and Safe. The book also benefited greatly from the thought-provoking friendships of Alex Bass, Ryan F. Bradley, Christos Chatziionnou, Peter de la Cruz, Faye R. Gleisser, Fatima Hassan, Laura Jo Hess, Bryan Huber, Miguel Jiron, Julie Miller, Nana Yaw Osei, Jerome Ruban, Alex Salgado, Andrew Sanni, and Jordan Yearsley. A special thank-you to Daniel and Molly McCormack Moody at UCM. Completing this project would have been unthinkable without Sydney, whom I met one morning in Evanston, Illinois, while working on what eventually became this book. Your ideas, patience, and love resonate in its every sentence. Last, I thank my mother, whose companionship means something that I will not attempt to capture with words.