Five red parallelograms side by side with circular glyphs, suggestive of eyes, layered on top of them.

International Journal of Surrealism Volume 1, Number 1 (Fall 2023)

The “Problem of Woman” in Surrealism

Welcome to IJS Online, the open-access online section of the International Journal of Surrealism. This journal creates a welcome space for critical ideas and debate centered on Surrealism, its international history, and its ongoing worldwide influence on contemporary culture. IJS seeks to document, celebrate, and interrogate the intellectual and aesthetic repercussions of the Surrealist movement across a wide array of fields: literature and literary theory; painting, sculpture, and photography; performance, film, and music; and philosophy, political thought, and new media. Transcultural and global in scope, IJS upholds the mission of the International Society for the Study of Surrealism (ISSS), serving as a platform for Surrealist studies in the contemporary moment and for the digital age. IJS Online expands on the International Journal of Surrealism, making greater use of audio-visual and interactive resources online, including reviews, interviews, creative and critical writing, supplemental images to essays in IJS, and walk-throughs of exhibitions.

Cover and graphic design by Sandra Friesen




  • Our beloved Simiane

    by Mary Ann Caws
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  • A Bridge

    by Rochelle Roberts
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    All rights reserved. With the exception of fair use, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without a license or authorization from the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC), or the prior written permission of the University of Minnesota Press.
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    University of Minnesota Press
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    Minneapolis, MN
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    Copyright 2023 by the International Society for the Study of Surrealism

    Every effort was made to obtain permission to reproduce material in this issue. If any proper acknowledgment has not been included here, we encourage copyright holders to notify the publisher.
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    International Society for the Study of Surrealism